Are There Different Types of Crimes?
- What was the act or conduct committed? (actus reus)
- What was the individual’s mental state at the time the act occurred? (mens rea)
- What is the link between the act committed and the offense as defined by the law?
- Attempt – Specific intent and clear steps taken towards committing a crime must be proven. A defendant can still be charged with attempt even if they did not complete the crime.
- Conspiracy – An agreement between two or more people that reveals an overt intent to achieve a punishable offense. A conspiracy allows for “derivative liability,” which punishes all conspirators, not just the member(s) directly involved.
- Solicitation – Offering someone money with the intent of convincing them to commit a crime.